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    Unit 6. Viet Nam: Then and now. Lesson 3. A closer look 2

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    UNIT 06. VIET NAM.THEN AND NOW. LESSON 3. A CLOSER LOOK 2
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    UNIT 6. VIET NAM: THEN AND NOW
    LESSON 3: A CLOSER LOOK 2
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    I. WRAM-UP
    See a video
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    Việt Nam thời bao cấp
    Objectives
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    Objectives
    *By the end of the lesson, students will be - Use the lexical items related to changes in transport systems, family groups and school life in Viet Nam in the past and at present - Use the past perfect correctly - Use the structure adj + to-infinitive and adj + that-clause correctly - Do the activites
    PAST PERFECT
    Review
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    FORM:
    [had + past participle]
    Examples:
    - You had studied English before you moved to New York. - Had you studied English before you moved to New York? - You had not studied English before you moved to New York. - John had gone out when I arrived in the office.
    - Use the past perfect
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    We use the past perfect tense:
    * for something that started in the past and continued up to a given time in the past:
    When George died he and Anne had been married for nearly fifty years. She didn’t want to move. She had lived in Liverpool all her life.
    * for something we had done several times up to a point in the past and continued to do after that point:
    He was a wonderful guitarist. He had been playing ever since he was a teenager. He had written three books and he was working on another one.
    - Use the past perfect
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    We use the past perfect tense:
    * when we are reporting our experience and including up to the (then) present:
    My eighteenth birthday was the worst day I had ever had. I was pleased to meet George. I hadn’t met him before, even though I had met his wife several times.
    * for something that happened in the past but is important at the time of reporting:
    I couldn’t get into the house. I had lost my keys. Teresa wasn’t at home. She had gone shopping.
    1. Fill in each blank with the past perfect form of the verb in brackets.
    1. Fill in each blank with the past perfect form of the verb in brackets.
    1. Before the 1990s, trams (be) ___________ a popularmeans of transport in Ha Noi. 2. I won the game because I (play) ___________ it a lot with my brother. 3. How long ________ you (use) ________ your mobile phone before it broke down? 4. Before the invention of television, people ___________ only (see) _______________ films at the cinema. 5. Before the 1990s, Viet Nam (have) _________________ an old banking system. 6. Viet Nam (experience) _____________ decades of fighting for freedom before the country became totally independent.
    - Fill in each blank with the past perfect form of the verb in brackets.
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    Bài tập kéo thả chữ
    1. Before the 1990s, trams (be) ||had been|| a popularmeans of transport in Ha Noi. 2. I won the game because I (play) ||had played|| it a lot with my brother. 3. How long ||had|| you (use) ||used|| your mobile phone before it broke down? 4. Before the invention of television, people ||had|| only (see) ||seen|| films at the cinema. 5. Before the 1990s, Viet Nam (have) ||had had|| an old banking system. 6. Viet Nam (experience) ||had experienced|| decades of fighting for freedom before the country became totally independent.
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    2. Ask and answer the following questions using the cues.
    2. Ask and answer the following questions using the cues.
    Example:
    Student A:
    How long had King Duc Duc ruled our country before he was overthrown?
    Student B:
    He had ruled the country for only three days.
    1. - What/family groups/Vietnamese people/live in before 1990? - They/live/extended family. 2. - How/people in Viet Nam/travel/before the first motorbike/imported? - They/travel/bicycle. 3. - How/Vietnamese people/live/before the open-door policy in 1986? - They/had/harder life. 4. - Where/your family/spend/holidays/before 2005? - We/holidays/Viet Nam/only/before then. 5. -Who/rule/Viet Nam right before the Tran dynasty? - Ly Chieu Hoang/rule/before the Tran dynasty.
    - Number 1, 2, 3
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    Bài tập kéo thả chữ
    1. What/family groups/Vietnamese people/live in before 1990? They/live/extended family. ||What family groups had Vietnamese people lived in before 1990?|| ||They had lived in extended families.|| 2. How/people in Viet Nam/travel/before the first motorbike/imported? They/travel/bicycle. ||How had people in Viet Nam travelled before the first motorbike was imported?|| ||They had travelled by bicycle.|| 3. How/Vietnamese people/live/before the open-door policy in 1986? They/had/harder life. ||How had Vietnamese people lived before the open-door policy in 1986?|| ||They had had a harder life.||
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    - Number 4, 5
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    Bài tập kéo thả chữ
    4. Where/your family/spend/holidays/before 2005? We/holidays/Viet Nam/only/before then. ||Where had your family spent holidays before 2005? || ||We had spent our holidays only in Viet Nam before then.|| 5. Who/rule/Viet Nam right before the Tran dynasty? Ly Chieu Hoang/rule/before the Tran dynasty. ||Who had ruled Viet Nam right before the Tran dynasty?|| ||Ly Chieu Hoang had ruled the country before the Tran dynasty.||
    ADJECTIVE + TO-INFINITIVE/ADJECTIVE + THAT-CLAUSE
    Read this part of the conversation from GETTING STARTED. Pay attention to the underlined part.
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    Read this part of the conversation from GETTING STARTED. Pay attention to the underlined part.
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    Phuc:
    Wow, that long ago? The school looks... and the walls were made of mud and straw and, look – trenches!
    Duong:
    I think that was during the war so it was necessary to have the trenches right there.
    - Formation + Usage
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    1. It + be + adjective + to-infinitive is used to emphasise information by bringing it to the front of the clause. We can add for/of + noun/pronoun.
    Example:
    It is necessary (for you) to know about your country’s history.
    - Formation + Usage
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    2. Subject + be + adjective + to-infinitive is used to express emotions, confidence, or worries... Adjectives can be happy, glad, pleased, relieved, sorry, certain, sure, confident, convinced, afraid, annoyed, astonished, aware, conscious.
    Example:
    I was happy to hear from you.
    - Formation + Usage
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    3. Subject + be + adjective + that-clause is used to express emotions (glad, pleased, relieved, sorry), confidence, or worries (certain, sure, confident, convinced, afraid, annoyed, astonished, aware, conscious).
    Example:
    I was glad that you gained the scholarship.
    3. Match the first half of the sentence in A with the second half in B.
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    3. Match the first half of the sentence in A with the second half in B.
    A
    B
    1. It was smart of her
    2. It was brave of him
    3. It was kind of her
    4. It was unprofessional of her
    5. It is useful for us
    6. It is hard for us
    A. to stay in the old house alone the whole night.
    B. to lend me her book.
    C. to get along with people from other cultures.
    D. to know about how our people used to live in the past.
    E. to be late for the meeting.
    F. to be able to solve the maths problem.
    - Match the first half of the sentence in A with the second half in B.
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    A
    B
    1. It was smart of her
    2. It was brave of him
    3. It was kind of her
    4. It was unprofessional of her
    5. It is useful for us
    6. It is hard for us
    A. to stay in the old house alone the whole night.
    B. to lend me her book.
    C. to get along with people from other cultures.
    D. to know about how our people used to live in the past.
    E. to be late for the meeting.
    F. to be able to solve the maths problem.
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    4. Fill in each blank with one adjective from the box. More than one adjective can be used.
    4. Fill in each blank with one adjective from the box. More than one adjective can be used.
    1. I was ___________ to meet my best friend yesterday. 2. He is ___________ to have so little time for his family. 3. They were ___________ to finish their last performance. 4. She’s ___________ to get the job. The interview went really well. 5. The mother was _______________ to hear that her smart son failed the exam. 6. All the students were ____________ to have passed the exams.
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    glad sure sorry certain confident astonished pleased relieved surprised
    - Fill in each blank with one adjective from the box.
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    Bài tập kéo thả chữ
    1. I was ||glad/pleased|| to meet my best friend yesterday. 2. He is ||sorry|| to have so little time for his family. 3. They were ||sorry/pleased|| to finish their last performance. 4. She’s ||sure/certain|| to get the job. The interview went really well. 5. The mother was ||surprised/astonished|| to hear that her smart son failed the exam. 6. All the students were ||relieved/pleased|| to have passed the exams.
    glad sure sorry certain confident astonished pleased relieved surprised
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    5. Create one sentence by combining each pair of sentences using subject + be + adjective + that-clause.
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    Example:
    The traffic problems of the city had been solved. The Prime Minister was pleased.
    → The Prime Minister was pleased that the traffic problems of the city had been solved.
    1. We did well in the exam. We were relieved about that. We _____________________________________________________________. 2. I am sorry about the school facilities our parents had. They were very poor. I _______________________________________________________________. 3. Everyone was glad. The government had decided to invest more in education. Everyone ________________________________________________________. 4. It will be much safer to have elevated walkways and underpass systems for pedestrians. Everyone is aware of this. Everyone ________________________________________________________ 5. Life in the countryside has improved considerably. All of us are delighted about that. All of us _________________________________________________________.
    5. Create one sentence by combining each pair of sentences using subject + be + adjective + that-clause.
    - Create one sentence by combining each pair of sentences using subject + be + adjective + that-clause.
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    Bài tập kéo thả chữ
    1. We did well in the exam. We were relieved about that. We ||were relieved that we had done well in the exam||. 2. I am sorry about the school facilities our parents had. They were very poor. I ||am sorry that our parents had very poor school facilities||. 3. Everyone was glad. The government had decided to invest more in education. Everyone ||was glad that the government had decided to invest more in education||. 4. It will be much safer to have elevated walkways and underpass systems for pedestrians. Everyone is aware of this. Everyone ||is aware that it will be much safer to have elevated walkways and || ||underpass systems for pedestrians||. 5. Life in the countryside has improved considerably. All of us are delighted about that. All of us ||are delighted that life in the countryside has improved considerably||.
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    6. Finish the following sentences using your own ideas. Then compare your ideas with a partner.
    6. Finish the following sentences using your own ideas. Then compare your ideas with a partner.
    1. It was kind of them ____________________________. 2. They were certain to ___________________________. 3. She is confident that ___________________________. 4. He was afraid that _____________________________. 5. The teachers are aware that _____________________. 6. The head teacher was astonished to_______________.
    - Finish the following sentences using your own ideas
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    Bài tập kéo thả chữ
    1. It was kind of them || to support the victims after the disaster||. 2. They were certain to ||be able to build the country into a powerful one||. 3. She is confident that ||Viet Nam has good potential for tourism||. 4. He was afraid that ||there would be less land for agriculture in Viet Nam||. 5. The teachers are aware that ||non-academic subjects are also significant||. 6. The head teacher was astonished to ||learn that some of his students could|| ||not get scholarships||.
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    - Compare your ideas with a partner.
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    Compare your ideas with a partner.
    THE END
    Homework
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    - Learn the grammar: Use the past perfect correctly; Use the structure adj + to-infinitive and adj + that-clause correctly - Prepare for lesson 4 (Communication)
    Goodbye
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    Thanks for your attention
    Goodbye. See you again!
     
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